Should India have a two-child policy?

Image result for two child policy

India starting from its early years of independence has been concerned about population control. India, four years after its independence was the first country in the world to adopt a national policy for birth control. The policy tried to raise awareness about the contraceptive and the benefits of having fewer children. But, despite being the initiator, India is expected to overtake China in 2034. At the time of independence there were 345 million Indians. The world took 454 years to go from 345 million in 1310 AD to a billion; India took just 52 years.

Seeing that the past policy measures haven’t worked out, many in India have discussed having a compulsory two child policy, like China. In 2016, there was a bill proposed by Prahalad Singh Patel to implement a two-child policy. In 2018, nearly 125 lawmakers in India’s Parliament signed a petition to President Ram Nath Kovind, calling for a nationwide two-child policy. In November 2019, Union Minister Sanjeev Balyan said that the government is in the process of formulating a population control law. All the political movement surrounding two child policy, should not deter people away from the practicality.

 If we were to mimic China then we must know the negative consequences that happened as a result of forced birth control. In China, the sex ratio was to a great degree unfavourable to girls as due to the desires of male child, female infants were killed. The chances of female infanticide on account of two child policy is much more than what happened in China. In China, the one child policy did not mean that the birth of second child was prevented but, that the second child was not recognised as a legal person. Thus, there is large group of people in China living without an identity merely on account of their birth order.  A two-child policy will also negatively impact the demography of our nation and in years to come, there will be a declining working population.  

There are some positive aspects of two child policy as well. It will reduce carbon emissions; it will reduce the pressure on infrastructure and food. However, the negatives are far greater than positives. The correct pathway for India to follow would be improve the pre-existing policies that promote people to have not more than two children. It is better to foster two child policy than to force it.

CONTINUE READING

The case of Aruna Shanbaug that changed the Euthanasia laws...

0
It is my Belief that death is a friend to whom we should be grateful, for it frees us from the manifold ills which are our lot - Mahatma Gandhi. As human beings, out the umpteen desires that we have, one of them is definitely to have a peaceful death....

Justice D Y Chandrachud’s path-breaking Verdict in the Sabarimala Case of...

0
“Will the quest for equality and fraternity be denuded of its content where women continue to be treated as children of a lesser god in exercising their liberties in matters of belief, faith and worship? Will the pursuit of individual dignity be capable of being achieved if we deny...

After repealing section 377, its time to Legalise Same-Sex Marriage in...

0
A draconian, archaic law that criminalized homosexuality was struck down in a historic judgment given by the Supreme Court in 2018. Two years after the judgment, the LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) community has now sought legal recognition of their relationships. As the social stigmas surrounding the LGBTQ...

Modern Day Book Burning a.k.a Internet Shutdowns

0
The internet has become an indispensable element in our society for all the obvious reasons. For the majority of users, not a single day goes by where we don't 'need' the internet and the lack of a reliable and fast connection can feel paralyzing. An internet shutdown refers to...

Letter to UNHRC – Dr Kafeel Khan, Punished Because He’s Muslim

0
Kafeel Khan, a doctor by profession and a social activist has been targeted by Yogi Government since 2017, in 3 years he had been maliciously arrested 3 times & imprisoned for around 14 months on the false charges set up against him at many instances. Now he is absolved...

Prison Life In India and its Aftermath

0
Everyone prays to never see the bars of prison in their lifetime. Yet, as fickle as life is, it is quite hard to predict the future. It is in everyone’s benefit to know a little bit about prison life; for movies and cinemas do not do justice to the...